What is TAYUH ?

BUNRAKU
is a Japanese traditional stage art.
It is a combination of three skills:
joururi recitation,
samisen music
and puppet manipulation.
In 1684,the Edo period,
the TAKEMOTO theatre
opened at Doutonbori in OSAKA
Then in 1703
the TOYOTAKE theatre opened.
They are the origins of BUNRAKU.
A joururi reciter is called
the TAYUH.
Before the TAYUH recites on a YUKA
- an elevated dais at
the right side of the stage -
he ties on a HARAOBI,
a cloth belt which is three times
the length of a judo obi.
He puts an OTOSHI-which is
like a small sand bag-in his bosom.
He sits on a SHIRIHIKI,
stands on his heels and
turns up his toes.
Then he recites with
deep breathing.
The TAYUH tells the whole story
in which the puppets act,by himself.
He chants,shouts,whispers or
sobs the dialogue for all characters
appearing in the play.
The TAYUH recites GIDAYUH BUSHI.
GIDAYUH BUSHI is composed of
KOTOBA,JIAI and FUSHI.
KOTOBA is the spoken part.
JIAI explains a scene accompanied
by samisen.
FUSHI has a more melodius rhythm.
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